If you love historical monuments and architecture, then you must visit Italy. It is the abode of the most magnificent structures ever built. Between the Roman Empire and the Renaissance, nothing can come close to Italy’s rich history in architecture.
The list of historical buildings in Italy is huge. We have picked five of the most popular monuments for you to visit.
The largest amphitheater ever built, the Colosseum or the Flavian Amphitheatre can hold an audience of 50k to 80k. It was built between 70 and 80 A.D. and hosted many events like gladiator battles, famous battle re-enactments, drama and executions. While it is ruined partially, people are still in awe of its grandiosity.
Built in 118 – 128 AD, the Pantheon was initially a Roman temple. Pantheon was derived from Greek which meant temple of all gods most likely implying the statues of gods placed around this building or dome’s resemblance to the heavens. However, the Pantheon became a church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs. This beautiful building has been preserved very well and draws people from all over the world.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
Do you know an example of an unintended incident that became famous? Well, that is the story of Leaning Tower of Pisa. The tilt was unintended and this bell tower of Pisa Cathedral rose to fame. Spread over 199 years, this construction was built in three phases since 1173. It sank a little in 1178 creating that tilt as the foundation was weak.
St. Peter’s Basilica
The Renaissance master Michelangelo along with Donato Bramante, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Carlo Maderno build the beautiful St. Peter’s Basilica. It is considered the holiest of churches and is a shrine of St. Peter, one of the twelve apostles. Pilgrims and tourists both visit this church.
The residence of the Pope in the Vatican City, Sistine Chapel is another Renaissance marvel. The Last Judgment by Michelangelo painted on the ceiling is the main attraction. Other renaissance painters like Cosimo Roselli, Pietro Perugino, Sandro Botticelli, Pinturicchio and Domenico Ghirlandaio have painted their frescoes in this stunning chapel.
Italy falls under the Schengen Area and so you require a Schengen Visitor Visa and this visa is valid 90 days. You require a passport, to and fro tickets, proof of funds and accommodation details to begin with. Depending on your status, your documents will vary.
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